Photographed by Julia Wade for A Well-Crafted Home.
1. Lay the boards down on the floor in a rectangle — long pieces at top and bottom, short pieces at the left and right. To build this frame you will need to join two boards together to create right angles at the corners. The best way to do this is to cut 45-degree angles at the end of each board, also known as a miter cut.
2. With a pencil, lightly mark an X at all the bottom corners, at the bottom frame. This will help you remember which part of the board is getting cut off when you miter cut. On each board, miter in a 45-degree cut, making sure to reverse the angle from one end of the board to the other.
3. Once all corners have been cut, join them together. Lay the boards flat on the floor again, lined up as a frame. Work from the top left corner and go clockwise. Place a small amount of wood glue on the inside of the cuts, press the two miter-cut boards together, and make sure they are evenly lined up on all outward-facing surfaces.
4. With a nail gun, shoot a nail at the outside edges twice, one nail on each side of the miter joints, to hold the frame in place. Continue adding glue and nailing all four miter joints. Let the frame dry overnight.
5. Sand down any rough edges or glue that seeped out of the joints. Turn the frame over so that the front of the headboard is facing down. You can protect the wood from getting scratched by adding a blanket or towel under the frame.
6. Line up the cane at the left side. Have a friend help you hold and pull the cane in place. Make sure that the cane will stretch evenly down the entire length of the frame.
7. Once the cane is straight, staple the first edge of cane to the back of the frame, 1/2 inch from the inner edge, using a staple gun. Add staples to secure the cane about every inch and at least 1/2 inch from all four edges to prevent splintering of the wood. There will be fringe down the length of the cane, past the sewn edge. Leave this fringe to keep the cane from unraveling. Work your way down one whole length of the frame. Make sure to keep the cane taut as you go.
8. When you get to the other short end, pull tightly to staple in the final length. Trim off excess cane with scissors, leaving an extra inch of cane webbing past the staples.
9. Mount the headboard to the wall with screws or attach picture hardware to the wall and/or the headboard for easy mounting.

This project is best done with a friend. To give the cane webbing a polished look, have someone help you keep the cane taut as you staple it to the wood frame.